Section 10
Exercise Material

10.1      Fundamentals
10.2      Blank Lines
10.3      Directions
10.4      Exercise Questions
10.5      Write-on-Lines Before or After Questions
10.6      Write-on-Lines within Sentences
10.7      Displayed Text in Exercise Material
10.8      Exercise Examples, Sample Questions with Answers
10.9      Matching
10.10    True/False Exercises
10.11    Formats for Pictures in Exercise Material
10.12    Samples

10.1    Fundamentals

10.1.1
An exercise set may include headings, directions, examples, questions, and answer choices. Each exercise set is formatted individually.
10.1.2
This section contains general provisions for transcribing exercise material found in textbooks, workbooks, handbooks, etc. There is a wide variety of print formats and it is not possible to discuss all of them. The transcriber needs to determine the best format for each situation.
10.1.3
Omit information repeated on each page, e.g., name, date, publisher and/or copyright information. Exception: Name and date may be retained in expendable material. Directives for use by the teacher or parent, etc., are omitted unless their inclusion is required by the requesting agency.
10.1.4
When transcribing expendable material, these guidelines should be followed as closely as possible. Accommodations may be requested by the agency and/or teacher.
10.1.5 
Notify the requesting agency when content is unsuitable for braille production, e.g., a workbook that is primarily illustrations.
10.1.6
General Format

a.  Follow print for sequence, punctuation, and capitalization of all arabic numerals, roman numerals, and letters in exercise material.

b.  Do not change the wording for directions or exercise material.

10.1.7
When possible, keep all answer choices on the same braille page as the question(s) they accompany.

a.  Question and answer choices should appear on a single page whenever space permits, regardless of the amount of blank space resulting on a page.

b.  When question and answer choices are too long to fit on a single page, all answer choices should appear together on one page whenever space permits.

c.  When answer choices are too long to fit on a single page, do not split an answer choice between pages.

d.  When questions and answers are divided in interpoint production, it is up to each agency to decide if questions and answer choices should be shown on facing pages or not.

e.  Exercise material in higher grades may have answer choices requiring additional pages. It is necessary to determine the best location for each page break if an answer choice is longer than a single page.

10.1.8
A Braille Reader's Perspective. It is important to keep the format consistent throughout the exercise material. The reader uses the format as a guide to understanding the layout of the exercises being presented.

10.2    Blank Lines

10.2.1
Each exercise set, with accompanying directions or headings, is preceded and followed by a blank line. Begin directions on line 1 if no running head is used. Directions begin on line 3 when a running head is used.
10.2.2
Insert a blank line between a page change indicator and the directions to, or the beginning of, exercise material.

Example 10-1: Blank Line After Page Change Indicator

Directions at the top of a print page

#ei4 ,": "<d1 does"> ! box ( /aples
⠀⠀2l;g8
-------------------------------------#fc
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
⠀⠀⠀⠀,li/ ea* ^w us$ z an adjective or an
⠀⠀⠀⠀adv]b4 ,!n write ! ^w or ^ws t x
⠀⠀⠀⠀modifies4 ,d n 9clude >ticles4
#fj4 ,mrs4 ,*an j sp5t two 9t]e/+ weeks
⠀⠀9 ,k5ya4
444
10.2.3
Do not leave a blank line between directions and exercise material unless it is required by other formats, e.g., displayed word lists/options on a single line or in columns, examples/models, paragraphs, etc.

10.3    Directions

10.3.1
When directions are followed by specific question/answer types of material (e.g., matching, multiple choice, true/false, etc.) it is preferable for an entire exercise set—directions and corresponding activities—to be on a single page. When that is not feasible, observe the following order of preference:

a.  Place the directions and at least one question (and its corresponding answer choices) on the same page.

b.  Place the question and its corresponding answer choices together on the same page and the directions on the previous page.

c.  Place all answer choices for a given question together on the same page. If all answer choices will not fit on one page, do not divide a single answer choice between braille pages.

10.3.2
Use 5-5 margins for unnumbered or unlettered directions. Use 7-5 margins for additional paragraphs.

Example 10-2: Directions with Three Paragraphs

Three paragraphs of directions, followed by numbered sentences

⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀,write ea* s5t;e4
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,draw "o l9e "u ! adjective4
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,draw two l9es "u ! n\n x
⠀⠀⠀⠀describes4
#a4 ,! *alkbo>d is gre54
#b4 ,"s"ts ! ]as]s >e du/y4
#c4 ,\r *alk is new4
10.3.3
Transcribe numbered or lettered directions in a nested list format. Begin additional paragraphs two cells to the right of the runover position.

Example 10-3: Lettered Directions with Two Paragraphs

Lettered directions with two paragraphs, followed by numbered sentences

⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
,a4 ,use ea* ( ! foll[+ ^ws 9 a complete
⠀⠀⠀⠀s5t;e4
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,use adjectives to describe :at
⠀⠀⠀⠀ea* dwell+ looks l4
⠀⠀#a4 h\se
⠀⠀#b4
10.3.4
Assignments or Activities. Follow print format for instructions without specific question/answer activities. Paragraphs may be indented (3-1) or blocked (1-1).

Example 10-4: Paragraph Instructions

Paragraph of general instructions

⠀⠀,on ! way home1 c.t ! numb] ( di6]5t
types ( trees y see4

10.4    Exercise Questions

10.4.1
Use 1-3 margins for an exercise set that has no subentries.

Example 10-5: Main Entries Only

Directions followed by numbered exercise sentences

⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
⠀⠀⠀⠀,write ! v]bs 9 ea* s5t;e 2l4
#a ,he ran a v fa/ race1 b did n d well
⠀⠀swimm+4
#b ,mom cook$ d9n] = my frs4
10.4.2
Exercise Questions with Answer Choices

a.  Treat an exercise set with subentries as a nested list.

b.  The main entry begins in cell 1. Each subentry level begins two cells to the right of the previous level. All runovers begin two cells to the right of the farthest indented subentry.

Two levels: 1-5, 3-5
Three levels: 1-7, 3-7, 5-7
Four levels: 1-9, 3-9, 5-9, 7-9
etc.

Example 10-6: Question and Answer Choices

Numbered question with lettered answer choices

#a4 ,: o3urs dur+ ! lytic cycle ( a
⠀⠀⠀⠀viral 9fec;n8
⠀⠀,a4 ,! ho/ cell 2comes a factory t
⠀⠀⠀⠀3t9ually makes m copies ( ! virus4
⠀⠀;,b4 ,! ho/ cell "ugoes cell divi.n
⠀⠀⠀⠀444
10.4.3
Each new exercise set determines the indention pattern for the associated material. Note: A review section may continue the question numbers from one exercise set to the next, throughout the entire section. In some situations the transcriber may choose to be consistent for the entire review section and format all questions/answers as a nested list if any of the questions have subentries.

Example 10-7: Nested List Used for Exercise Set

Numbered items; 1 has no subentries, and 2 has lettered answer choices

⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
#a4 ,h[ does ,e>?'s tilt on xs axis
⠀⠀⠀⠀cause s1sons to *ange 9 di6]5t "ps (
⠀⠀⠀⠀! _w8
#b4 ,dur+ a sol/ice
⠀⠀a4 "o ( ,e>?'s poles is tilt$ t[>d !
⠀⠀⠀⠀,sun
⠀⠀;b4 nei pole is tilt$ t[>d ! ,sun
⠀⠀;c4 spr+ 2g9s 9 ! ,nor!rn ,hemisp"h
10.4.4
List all answer choices vertically and begin each in the same cell.

a.  Preserve print alphabetic or numeric order, whether horizontal or vertical. (See Sample 10-1: All Answer Choices Begin in the Same Cell on page 10-20.)

Example 10-8: All Answer Choices are Vertical

Numbered question followed by columned and lettered answer choices; A. and B. are in the first column, and C. and D. are in the second column

#bd4 ,:at cd expla9 a human k>yotype %[+
⠀⠀⠀⠀#dg *romo"ss8
⠀⠀
,a4 monosomy
⠀⠀
;,b4 trisomy
⠀⠀
;,c4 codom9.e
⠀⠀
;,d4 dom9ant traits

b.  It is necessary to make a judgment call when answer choices are unnumbered/unlettered, and there is no discernible order. Be consistent once it has been decided to list items in horizontal or vertical order. (See Sample 10-2: Answer Choices without Discernible Order on page 10-21.)

10.5    Write-on-Lines Before or After Questions

10.5.1
Omit lines, dashes, circles, boxes, or other print devices printed before or after questions, indicating where students are to answer questions.

Example 10-9: Omit Write-on-Lines Before Questions

Write-on-line before each question

#f4 ,e 3gres.nal t]m is divid$ 9to
⠀⠀a4 f\r ses.ns p] ye>4
⠀⠀;b4 twelve mon?s4
⠀⠀;c4 two "o-ye> ses.ns4
#g4 ,turnov] am;g memb]s ( 444

Example 10-10: Omit Write-on-Lines After Questions

Write-on-line after each question

⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,a ,s;g = ,sailors
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
⠀⠀⠀⠀,foll[ yr t1*]'s 9/ruc;ns to answ] !
⠀⠀⠀⠀foll[+ "qs ab 8,! ,lorelei40
#a4 ,:o 7 ! "*s8
#b4 ,:at 0 ! sett+8
10.5.2
Print may use unnumbered/unlettered print lines, boxes, etc., to indicate the number of expected answers. When this number is not referenced in the text, insert the number of expected answers in an embedded transcriber's note following the question.

Example 10-11: Embedded Transcriber's Note with Number of Answers

Numbered item followed by a vertical list of seven write-on-lines

#a4 ,li/ ! 3t95ts4 @.<#g answ]s@.>
Numbered or lettered answer lines may be retained, or transcribed as an embedded transcriber's note. Sample:

Answers a-e.

Example 10-12: Lettered List Retained

Numbered item followed by a.-e. vertical list and lettered write-on-lines

#a4 ,li/ ! ,grt ,lakes4
⠀⠀
a4 .-
⠀⠀
;b4 .-
⠀⠀
;c4 .-
⠀⠀
;d4 .-
⠀⠀
;e4 .-

10.6    Write-on-Lines within Sentences

10.6.1
An underscore represents a low line in print that indicates omission of a word or a blank to be filled in. Follow print for other symbols used to show omissions or blanks to be filled in. If print uses empty space to show an omission, substitute three dot 5s and insert a transcriber's note explaining the change from print.
10.6.2
Punctuation is unspaced from the underscore or other symbols.

Example 10-13: Various Symbols Used to Indicate Missing Words

Samples of different print methods of indicating a missing word (hyphens, blank space, write-on-line, square)

,vanilla ---- is my favorite dess]t4
,td is
.-4
,x is
""" o'clock4
,my favorite color is
;$#d4
10.6.3
Follow print for each write-on-line representing a word (underscore, dash, etc.).

Example 10-14: Multiple Write-on-Line Words

Sentence with four consecutive write-on-lines

⠀⠀,n[ is ! .- .- .- .- m5 to come to !
aid ( _! c.try4
10.6.4
Follow print for punctuation and location of answer cues.
10.6.5
Insert a space between the symbol used for answer blanks and answer numbers or cues.

Example 10-15: Follow Print for Answer Cues in Parentheses

Write-on-line within a question; answer cue is in parentheses after the question

,:at is .- "<to g"> on "r n[8 "<go+">
10.6.6
Follow print for answer cues that appear on the write-on-line.

Example 10-16: Answer Cue on Write-on-Line

Write-on-line within a question; answer cue is in parentheses on the write-on-line

,:at is "<_1to _1g"> on "r n[8
10.6.7
Insert the symbol for answer blanks before answer cues written above or below the write-on-line.

Example 10-17: Answer Cue Above Write-on-Line

Write-on-line within a question; answer cue is in parentheses above the write-on-line

,:at is .- "<to g"> on "r n[8

Example 10-18: Answer Cue Below Write-on-Line

Write-on-line within a question; answer cue is in parentheses below the write-on-line

,:at is .- "<to g"> on "r n[8
10.6.8
When a word or phrase without enclosure symbols is shown above or below a printed line to indicate an insertion is to be made, use an underscore or dash followed by the word or phrase with enclosure symbols. Insert a transcriber's note to explain this usage. Sample:

The words below the sentences are placed in parentheses after the underscore.

Example 10-19: Answer Cue Below Write-on-line

Write-on-line within a question; answer cue is below the write-on-line

⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀@.<,! ^ws 2l ! pr9t s5t;es >e
⠀⠀⠀⠀plac$ 9 p>5!ses af ! "uscore4@.>
,! %op
.- "<sell"> b1uti;l kites4
10.6.9
Numbered or Lettered Answer Cues within Questions Follow print when only the answer number placed in symbols of enclosure is shown.

Example 10-20: Numbered Answer Cue in Parentheses

Answer cue of 4 in parentheses is within a question

,:at is "<#d"> on "r n[8
10.6.10
Answer Cues with Question Marks. Follow print when a question mark is shown standing alone representing a write-on-line. When print uses both a question mark and a low line or dash, ignore the question mark and use the underscore or dash. Insert a transcriber's note explaining this usage. Sample:

Print shows a question mark over an underscore. In braille, the question mark is omitted.

Example 10-21: Freestanding Question Mark (See UEB, §5.2.1, Grade 1 Symbol Indicator)

A freestanding question mark is within a question

,:at is ;8 "r n[8

Example 10-22: Question Mark Above Line

Write-on-line within a question; a question mark is on the write-on-line

⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀@.<,pr9t %[s a "q m>k ov] an
⠀⠀⠀⠀
"uscore4 ,9 brl1 ! "q m>k is
⠀⠀⠀⠀
omitt$4@.>
,:at is
.- "r n[8
10.6.11
Words or Sentences with Regular or Superscript Numbers or Letters

a.  Follow print for placement and punctuation used with a number/letter answer cue within an exercise.

Example 10-23: Numbered Answer Cue Before Underscore

Write-on-line within a question; 4 in parentheses immediately precedes the write-on-line

,:at is "<#d">.- on "r n[8

Example 10-24: Numbered Answer Cue After Underscore

Write-on-line within a question; 4 in parentheses immediately follows the write-on-line

,:at is .-"<#d"> on "r n[8

b.  Do not divide answer numbers/letters and the corresponding underscore or dash to which they apply between braille lines.

c.  Identifiers may appear raised from the baseline in print. Ignore this raised position in braille. Note: This does not apply to reference indicators. (See Formats, §16.2.2, Reference Marks.)

Example 10-25: Raised Identifiers in Exercise Material

Write-on-lines are within sentences; each write-on-line is preceded by a superscript number

,he 0 born 9 ! ye> #a4.- 9 ! /ate (
#b4.-4 ,he grew up 9 #c4.-4 ,2f mov+ to
,texas1 8 family
#d4.- b #e4.-4
10.6.12
Partial Words with Blank Spaces

a.  Use contractions in a word that has missing letters represented by an underscore or hyphens.

Example 10-26: Partial Words

Partial words preceded or followed by write-on-lines

⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
⠀⠀⠀⠀,select ! correct prefix 9 ea*
⠀⠀⠀⠀phrase4
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
extra hemi ov] "u
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
#a4
.-ca/ sky
#b4 s\!rn
.-sp"h

b.  Follow print when the underscore is part of a compound hyphenated word.

Example 10-27: Compound Hyphenated Write-on-Lines

Compound hyphenated write-on-line within a sentence

,driv+ on a .--.- hi<way makes me n]v\s4

10.7    Displayed Text in Exercise Material

10.7.1
The adjusted left margin (2 cells to the right of the runover position) for displayed text in exercise material is based on the material to which it applies.

For further information on displayed material see Formats, §9, Displayed Material, Attributions, and Source Information.

(See Sample 10-3: Displayed Paragraph on page 10-22 and Sample 10-4: Displayed Poem on page 10-23.)

10.7.2
Word List for Multiple Questions

a.  Treat a word list for multiple questions as a list or multi-columned list, beginning in cell 1.

b.  Insert a blank line before and after the word list.

c.  Follow print if the word list is in columns. Do not use guide dots. (See Sample 10-5: Word List for Multiple Questions on page 10-24.)

d.  Follow print if the word list is in alphabetical order.

e.  Regardless of print location, place the word list before the first question.

f.  When answer choices are in a box, insert a blank line before and after the box.

(See Sample 10-6: Word List Moved on page 10-25.)

10.8    Exercise Examples, Sample Questions with Answers

10.8.1
Retain emphasis for labels identifying examples, models, samples of questions with answers, etc., when the label is not followed by punctuation.
10.8.2
Do not retain emphasis for labels identifying examples, models, samples of questions with answers, etc., when the label is followed by punctuation. (See Sample 10-9 provided in Formats, §10.8.6.)
10.8.3
A blank line is required before and after exercise examples.
10.8.4
Format exercise examples in the same manner as the following questions/answers. (See Sample 10-7: Exercise Example with Bold Labels on page 10-26.)
10.8.5
When a label is followed by a numbered item on the same line, move the numbered item to the next line so all numbered items begin in the same cell. Keep the label in cell 1. (See Sample 10-8: Numbered Sentences Begin in Same Cell on page 10-27.)
10.8.6
When a label is followed by more than one sentence, each sentence begins in cell 1. (See Sample 10-9: Sentences Begin in Same Cell on page 10-28.)
10.8.7
Text with Numbers Above or Below the Sentence, Word, or Phrase

a.  When a number or letter is printed above or below a sentence, place it before the sentence to which it applies.

b.  Follow print for emphasis in the sentence(s).

Example 10-28: Number Above Sentence

Two sentences with 1 above the first sentence; sentence has two underlined phrases, and an italicized title

#a _7,9 ! drama1_' .7,! ,phantom
,tollboo?1.' _7,milo is bor$_'4 ,he is a
re/.s boy :o is n"e satisfi$ ) :at he
has4

10.9    Matching

10.9.1
Matching Narrow Columns. Columns of matching items are not treated as displayed material.

a.  Insert a blank line between the directions and the columns. Begin the first column in cell 1.

b.  Follow print if columns can fit across the width of the line without any runovers.

c.  Leave two blank cells between the end of the longest item in the first column and the left-hand margin of the second column.

d.  Do not use guide dots to fill out the first column.

e.  Follow the guidelines in Formats, §11, Tables and Related Columns for column headings and separation lines when matching columns have headings.

(See Sample 10-10: Matching Narrow Columns on page 10-29.)
10.9.2
Matching Wide Columns

a.  If the columns are too wide to fit side by side across the width of the page, change the columns to list format with each list beginning in cell 1.

b.  Treat column headings that precede each list as cell-5 headings. When there are no print headings, insert a heading, enclosed in transcriber's note indicators, using terms suggested in the directions.

c.  Place all columns on the same braille page whenever possible.

d.  Do not divide a list between braille pages.

e.  Use facing pages in interpoint transcriptions when all of the lists do not fit on a single page.

(See Sample 10-11: Wide Columns Changed to Lists on page 10-30 and Sample 10-12: Headings Added to Matching Lists on page 10-31.)

10.10 True/False Exercises

10.10.1
Always include print abbreviations or wording, e.g., T/F, True/False, etc. Follow print placement.

Example 10-29: True/False Abbreviations Before Sentences

T F is before each numbered sentence

;,t ;,f #a4 ,?omas ,je6]son 0 ! #ast
⠀⠀presid5t ( ! ,unit$ ,/ates4
;,t ;,f #b4 ,jimmy ,c>t] only s]v$ "o
⠀⠀t]m z presid5t4

Example 10-30: True/False after Sentences

True False is after each numbered question

#a4 ,?omas ,je6]son 0 ! #ast presid5t (
⠀⠀! ,unit$ ,/ates4
,true ,false
#b4 ,jimmy ,c>t] only s]v$ "o t]m z
⠀⠀presid5t4
,true ,false
Note: Ordinal endings on numbers often appear raised from the baseline in print. Ordinal endings are not considered superscript.

10.11 Formats for Pictures in Exercise Material

10.11.1
Many texts use pictures in exercises. An embedded transcriber's note (TN) with a brief description is used in material that is partially or totally pictures.

Example 10-31: Embedded Picture TN in the Sentence

A picture of a butterfly, instead of the word, is used in a sentence

,! @.<butt]fly@.> flew s\? = ! w9t]4
10.11.2
Picture descriptions are not limited to seven or fewer words.

Example 10-32: Embedded TNs for Answer Choices

Numbered question followed by three lettered pictures of boys and girls eating

#a4 ,: is a gd habit8
⠀⠀a4
@.<girl eat+ c&y@.>
⠀⠀;b4
@.<two boys eat+ ice cr1m f !
⠀⠀⠀⠀c>ton
@.>
⠀⠀;c4
@.<girl eat+ a c>rot@.>
10.11.3
When a separate portion of an exercise is shown as pictures, or as pictures with text, insert the transcriber's note indicator in cell 7 before the word "Pictures." Place the closing transcriber's note indicator after the last entry. Use the appropriate format for the exercise.

Note: Use this option only when appropriate. Care should be taken to avoid giving the answers. (See Sample 10-13: Transcriber's Note for Picture Descriptions on page 10-32.)

10.12 Samples

Sample 10-1: All Answer Choices Begin in the Same Cell

Numbered items are immediately followed by a. on the same line, with the rest of the answer choices listed vertically under a.

 1⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,apply+ ! ,skill
 2⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,id5tify : /ate;t 9 ea* set is a
 3⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀g5]aliza;n by m>k+ an ;,x 9 ! space
 4⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀provid$4
 5⠀#a4
 6⠀⠀⠀a4 ,! sky is gett+ d>k4
 7⠀⠀⠀;b4 ,a /orm is com+4
 8⠀⠀⠀;c4 ,! temp]ature is dropp+4
 9⠀#b4
10 ⠀⠀a4 ,"! >e newspap]s 9 ! y>d4
11 ⠀⠀;b4 ,! h\se is d>k4
12 ⠀⠀;c4 ,! resid5ts >e on vaca;n4

 

Sample 10-2: Answer Choices without Discernible Order

Numbered questions are followed by unnumbered/unlettered answer choices, which are arranged in two columns

 4⠀#a4 ,:at is ! "n ( ! p]iod t foll[$
 5⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ext5sive glacia;n 9 ! ,precambrian8
 6⠀⠀⠀,cambrian
 7⠀⠀⠀,$iac>an
 8⠀⠀⠀,precambrian
 9⠀⠀⠀,neog5e
10 #b4 ,ne>ly all fossils o3ur 9 :at k9d (
11 ⠀⠀⠀⠀rocks8
12 ⠀⠀ba?oli?ic
13 ⠀⠀igne\s
14 ⠀⠀metamorphic
15 ⠀⠀s$i;t>y

 

Sample 10-3: Displayed Paragraph

Lettered directions are followed by a displayed paragraph; the paragraph is followed by numbered/lettered answer choices

 6⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
 7⠀,a4 ,*oose ! answ] t %[s ! be/ way to
 8⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀write ! italiciz$ "p4 ,write t lr4
 9⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,if a "p ne$s no *ange1 write ! lr
10 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀= 8,correct z is40
11 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
12 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀.7,tam>a did a gd job />r+ 9 !
13 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀s*ool play4.' ,%e 0 ! l1d
14 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀actress4 ,%e _h to "w h>d to
15 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ma/] ! "p4
16 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
17 ⠀⠀#a
18 ⠀⠀⠀⠀a4 ,tam>a did a gd job4 ,/>r+ 9 !
19 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀s*ool play4
20 ⠀⠀⠀⠀;b4 ,tam>a did a gd job />r+4 ,9 !
21 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀s*ool play4
22 ⠀⠀⠀⠀;c4 ,tam>a did a gd job4 ,%e 0 />r+
23 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀9 ! s*ool play4
24 ⠀⠀⠀⠀;d4 ,correct z is4

 

Sample 10-4: Displayed Poem

Numbered directions are followed by a displayed poem; the poem is followed by additional directions and lettered answer choices

 4⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
 5⠀#da4 ,r1d ! /anza f ! poem4
 6⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
 7⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,& "! w ,i keep y ="e1
 8⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,yes1 ="e & a "d1
 9⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,till ! walls % crumble to ru91
10⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,& m\ld] 9 du/ away6
11 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
12 ⠀⠀⠀⠀,:at does ! sp1k] want to %[ ab 8
13 ⠀⠀⠀⠀feel+s = ! *n8
14 ⠀⠀,a4 ,he wants ! *n to l1ve hm al"o4
15 ⠀⠀;,b4 ,he 5joys play+ make-2lieve games
16 ⠀⠀⠀⠀) !m4
17 ⠀⠀;,c4 ,he w *]i% !m et]nally4
18 ⠀⠀;,d4 ,he wants !m to /ay "y alw4

 

Sample 10-5: Word List for Multiple Questions

Directions are followed by three columns of answer choices, followed by a numbered list; each numbered item is followed by a write-on-line

 8⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,use ! ^ws 2l to fill 9 ! blanks4
 9⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
10 ,nixon⠀⠀⠀,je6]son⠀⠀,wa%+ton
11 ,cl9ton⠀⠀,c>t]⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,l9coln
12 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
13 #a4 ,?omas .-
14 #b4 ,george .-
15 #c4 ,jimmy .-
16 #d4 ,bill .-

 

Sample 10-6: Word List Moved

Directions followed by three numbered sentences; each sentence ends with a write-on-line; a boxed word list appears after the numbered sentences

 7⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,write ! ^w t completes ea* s5t;e4
 8⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
 9⠀7777777777777777777777777777777777777777
10 self-e/eem tal5t /ress
11 gggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggg
12 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
13 #a4 ,"s?+ t y d well is call$ a .-4
14 #b4 ,feel+ gd ab yrf m1ns y h .-4
15 #c4 ,! way yr body reacts to "s?+ new or
16 ⠀⠀di6icult is call$ .-4
17 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀

 

Sample 10-7: Exercise Example with Bold Labels

Directions are followed by bold labels (Example, Answer); numbered sentences appear after the example

 8⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,write a pron\n t c 2 sub/itut$ = !
 9⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀italiciz$ ^w or gr\p ( ^ws4
10 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
11 ^1,example .1,fr.e 0 an important c5t] =
12 ⠀⠀pa9t]s
13 ^1,answ] ,x
14 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
15 #a4 .1,wom5 7 n a3ept$ z >ti/s until q
16 ⠀⠀rec5tly4
17 #b4 ,p ignor$ .1,m>y .1,cassatt = ye>s1
18 ⠀⠀& h] "w is fam\s4

 

Sample 10-8: Numbered Sentences Begin in Same Cell

Directions followed on next line by uppercase EXAMPLE 1. Example sentence follows on same line. A numbered sentence begins at the margin on next line.

10 ⠀⠀⠀⠀,m>k ! capitaliza;n ]rors 9 ! foll[+
11 ⠀⠀⠀⠀s5t;es4
12 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
13 ,,example3
14 #a4 ,! presid5t lives 9 ! _2:ite _2h\se4
15 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
16 #a4 ! /atue ( lib]ty

 

Sample 10-9: Sentences Begin in Same Cell

All at margin: line 1, directions; line 2, incorrect example sentence; line 3, italicized corrected sentence; lines 4-5, numbered sentences

 6⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,rewrite ! s5t;es1 9s]t+ commas ":
 7⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ne$$4
 8⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
 9 ,example3
10 ,ms4 ,ross >e ! s1sons at ! ,s\? ,pole l
11 ⠀⠀\rs8
12 .7,ms4 ,ross1 >e ! s1sons at ! ,s\?
13 ⠀⠀,pole l \rs8.'
14 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
15 #g4 ,no ! s1sons 9 ,ant>ctica >e !
16 ⠀⠀rev]se ( \rs4
17 #h4 ,! 3t95t z a matt] ( fact is l an
18 ⠀⠀5orm\s freez]4

 

Sample 10-10: Matching Narrow Columns

Directions followed by columns for matching; each column has a heading

 1⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,mat* ! /ate & xs capital4
 2⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
 3⠀,/ate     ,capital
 4⠀"3333333  "33333333333
 5⠀,ohio     ,des ,mo9es
 6⠀,k5tucky  ,columbus
 7⠀,florida  ,frank=t
 8⠀,texas    ,tallahassee
 9⠀,i[a      ,au/9

 

Sample 10-11: Wide Columns Changed to Lists

Directions & columns for matching; 1st first column heading = number 1, and items are numbered; 2nd column heading = number 2, and items are lettered

 1⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
 2⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,see if y "k :at ea* ^w 2l m1ns4
 3⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,mat* ea* ^w 9 column #a ) xs m1n+ 9
 4⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀column #b4
 5⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
 6⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀#a
 7⠀#a4 skimm$
 8⠀#b4 m9]al
 9⠀#c4 fuel
10 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
11 ⠀⠀⠀⠀#b
12 a4 any natural sub/.e1 s* z coal1 t is n
13 ⠀⠀a plant or animal
14 ;b4 remov$ float+ matt] f ! surface (
15 ⠀⠀liquid
16 ;c4 "s?+ t produces 5]gy
17 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀

 

Sample 10-12: Headings Added to Matching Lists

Directions followed by 2 columns for matching; no column headings; 1st column is numbered, and 2nd column is lettered

 5⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,:o did :at8 ,2f ea* "n 2l1 write !
 6⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀lr ( ! /ate;t y associate ) t p]son4
 7⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
 8⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀@.<,"n@.>
 9⠀#a4 ,pr9ce ,h5ry
10 #b4 ,columbus
11 #c4 ,vasco de ,gama
12 #d4 ,b>?olomew ,diaz
13 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
14 ⠀⠀⠀⠀@.<,/ate;t@.>
15 a4 0 ! f/ man to sail to ! tip ( ,africa
16 ⠀⠀f ,europe
17 ;b4 0 ! f/ man to f9d a sea r\te to
18 ⠀⠀,9dia
19 ;c4 0 an ,italian :o made grt 4cov]ies =
20 ⠀⠀,spa9
21 ;d4 set up a s*ool = ! /udy ( naviga;n &
22 ⠀⠀geography

 

Sample 10-13: Transcriber's Note for Picture Descriptions

Directions followed by numbered items beginning with a write-on-line; lettered answer choices are pictures

 5⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,f9d ! picture t be/ mat*es ea* food
 6⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀gr\p4
 7⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
 8⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀@.<,food ,gr\ps@.>
 9⠀#a4 ,fat1 ,oils1 & ,sweets ,gr\p
10 #b4 ,milk1 ,yogurt & ,*eese ,gr\p
11 #c4 ,vegetable ,gr\p
12 #d4 ,m1t1 ,p\ltry1 ,fi%1 ,dry ,b1ns1
13 ⠀⠀,e7s & ,nuts ,gr\p
14 #e4 ,fruit ,gr\p
15 #f4 ,br1d1 ,c]1l1 ,rice1 & ,pa/a ,gr\p
16 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
17 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀@.<,pictures3
18 ,a4 br1d
19 ;,b4 *eese
20 ;,c4 butt]
21 ;,d4 hot dog 9 bun
22 ;,e4 apple
23 ;,f4 c>rots@.>