BANA
BYLAWS

Revised by the Bylaws Committee
BRAILLE AUTHORITY OF NORTH AMERICA

 

 

2013



BANA MEMBERS

Full Members:
Alternative Text Production Center of the California Community Colleges
American Council of the Blind
American Foundation for the Blind
American Printing House for the Blind
Associated Services for the Blind
Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired
Braille Institute of America
California Transcribers and Educators for the Blind and Visually Impaired
CNIB (The Canadian National Institute for the Blind)
The Clovernook Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired
Horizons for the Blind
National Braille Association
National Braille Press
National Federation of the Blind
National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped

Associate Members:
Crawford Technologies
Braille Authority of NZ Aotearoa Trust
T-Base Communications
***
Bylaws Committee Members (2013)
Darleen Bogart, CNIB, Chair
Judy Dixon, National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped
Jennifer Dunnam, National Federation of the Blind
Mary Nelle McLennan, American Printing House for the Blind
Sue Reilly, California Transcribers and Educators for the Blind and Visually Impaired
***
Additional copies may be obtained from the Chair of the BANA Board.



Table of Contents

Record of Changes.......................................................................................................... iii
1.0 Name...................................................................................................................... 1
2.0 Purpose................................................................................................................... 2
3.0 Members.................................................................................................................. 3
   3.1 Current Full Members.............................................................................................. 3
   3.2 Associate Members................................................................................................. 3
   3.3 Individual Members................................................................................................ 4
   3.4 Dues.................................................................................................................... 4
   3.5 Responsibilities..................................................................................................... 4
4.0 Financial Operations.................................................................................................. 5
   4.1 Fiscal Year............................................................................................................ 5
   4.2 Annual Budget....................................................................................................... 5
   4.3 Financial Review.................................................................................................... 5
   4.4 Financial Accounts.................................................................................................. 5
5.0 Structure.................................................................................................................. 6
   5.1 Board................................................................................................................... 6
   5.2 Representative to the Board.................................................................................... 6
   5.3 Officers................................................................................................................. 6
   5.4 Nominations and Elections....................................................................................... 7
6.0 Committees....................................................................................... .......................8
   6.1 Committees........................................................................................................... 8
   6.2 Technical Committees............................................................................................. 9
   6.3 Board Committees................................................................................................. 10
   6.4 General Committees.............................................................................................. 11
   6.5 Ad Hoc Committees............................................................................................... 11
   6.6 Task Forces.......................................................................................................... 11
   6.7 Establishment of New Committees........................................................................... 11
7.0 Meetings................................................................................................................. 12
   7.1 Face-to-face Meetings ........................................................................................... 12
   7.2 Other Meetings .................................................................................................... 12
   7.3 General Regulations ............................................................................................. 12
   7.4 Board Interpretations ........................................................................................... 12
   7.5 Voting ................................................................................................................ 12
   7.6 Rules of Order ..................................................................................................... 13
8.0 Amendments........................................................................................................... 14
9.0 Dissolution............................................................................................................. 15

Record of Changes

In 1997, the Bylaws Committee was charged with making a thorough evaluation of the BANA Bylaws. One result of that study was a renumbering of the articles using the decimal system of the Specifications for the Production of Braille and Print Publications for the Braille Authority of North America.
Following is a listing of current articles, with dates of adoption and amendment indicated. Any article that does not have an adoption or amendment date remains as it was November 15, 1978.


1.0 NAME

The name of this organization shall be Braille Authority of North America, Inc., hereinafter referred to as "BANA."


2.0 PURPOSE (4-83, 10-91, 4-13)

The purpose of BANA is to promote and to facilitate the uses, teaching and production of braille. Pursuant to this purpose, BANA will promulgate rules, make interpretations and render opinions pertaining to braille codes and guidelines for the provisions of literary and technical materials and related forms and formats of embossed materials now in existence or to be developed in the future for the use of blind persons in North America. When appropriate, BANA shall accomplish these activities in international collaboration with countries using English braille. In exercising its function and authority, BANA shall consider the effects of its decisions on other existing braille codes and guidelines, forms and formats; ease of production by various methods; and acceptability to readers.


3.0 MEMBERS

3.1    Current Full Members (4-83, 3-87, 5-91, 4-98, 5-00, 5-03, 11-03, 11-08, 4-13)

The current full member organizations of BANA are: Alternative Text Production Center of the California Community Colleges; American Council of the Blind, Inc.; American Foundation for the Blind, Inc.; American Printing House for the Blind; Associated Services for the Blind; Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired; Braille Institute of America, Inc.; California Transcribers and Educators for the Blind and Visually Impaired; CNIB (Canadian National Institute for the Blind); The Clovernook Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired; Horizons for the Blind; National Braille Association, Inc.; National Braille Press; National Federation of the Blind; and National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped of the Library of Congress.

Non-profit organizations and agencies shall become full members of BANA upon the approval of two thirds (2/3) of the total membership of the Board of Directors, hereinafter called the "Board." The vote will be taken at a face-to-face meeting. The Board will consider membership upon submission of an application for membership. Eligibility for membership shall be based on the appropriateness of the organization's purposes, scope and functions to those of BANA, and its financial viability.

3.1.1    Organizational Representation

Each member representative should be capable of:

3.2    Associate Members (4-83, 4-98)

The Board shall consider for inclusion as Associate Members organizations, agencies and businesses whose purposes, scope and functions are appropriate to those of BANA. The Board will consider membership upon submission of an application for membership.

Admission of an organization, agency or business to Associate Membership shall be subject to the approval of two‑thirds (2/3) of the total membership of the Board.

An Associate Member shall have an advisory role only, and will not be a voting member of BANA.

3.3    Individual Membership (4-98)

There shall be no individual membership in BANA.

3.4    Dues (4-98, 4-13)

The Board shall determine the amount of annual dues for full members and associate members. Dues for associate members shall be lower than the annual dues required for full members of BANA. Dues shall be payable at the beginning of each fiscal year. The Treasurer shall notify each Member Organization of its dues not less than thirty (30) days prior to the beginning of each fiscal year. Any Member Organization not paying dues within thirty (30) days of the due date shall be so notified. If the dues are not received within ninety (90) days of the second notice, the organization will be considered delinquent and may be dropped from membership by action of the Board. The affected organization shall be notified of such action by registered mail.

3.5    Responsibilities (4-13)

3.5.1    Each full and associate member of BANA will bear the expenses for its own representative to attend meetings of the BANA Board.

3.5.2    The BANA directory, or any portion thereof, shall not be made available to organizations or individuals for any other purpose than BANA business as defined by the Board.


4.0 FINANCIAL OPERATIONS

4.1    Fiscal Year (4-98)

The fiscal year shall be January 1 to December 31.

4.2    Annual Budget (4-98, 4-13)

Fiscal operations shall be based on an annual budget that has been approved at the annual meeting.

4.3    Financial Review (4-98, 11-02, 11-08, 4-13)

Within ninety (90) days of the close of the fiscal year, a financial review will be conducted of BANA's account books by an agency publicly chartered or certified to perform such reviews.

4.4    Financial Accounts (4-13)

BANA's funds shall be in an accredited bank that has a multi-state presence and also offers online banking. These funds shall be accessible by the Treasurer, Chair, and Vice-Chair who are co-signers on the account.


5.0 STRUCTURE

5.1     Board (4-13)

BANA shall consist of a Board and such committees as these bylaws and the Board shall determine. The Board shall be the governing body and shall consist of one representative designated by and from each full member organization of BANA.

5.2    Representative to the Board (4-13)

5.2.1    The term consists of three years and begins at the start of the calendar year following the annual meeting at which the member organization was seated or re-seated. A new organization admitted as a full member to the BANA Board may be seated immediately after approval by the board and the receipt of its membership fee.

5.2.2    Each representative shall be designated to serve for one three-year term. Each year, roughly one-third (1/3) of the full membership organizations of the Board will be renewed. Organizations newly added to the BANA Board may be appointed to a partial term in order to maintain this schedule of term renewals.

5.2.3    In the event that a representative is unable to complete the term of his/her appointment, the member organization shall designate a new representative who will serve for the duration of the unexpired term.

5.2.4    If the designated representative of a full member organization is unable to attend a face-to-face meeting of the BANA Board the member organization will appoint an alternative representative to attend the meeting and fulfill the responsibilities of the designated representative.

5.2.5    If a representative or alternate does not attend two (2) consecutive meetings, the organization will be considered delinquent and may be dropped from membership by action of the Board. The affected organization shall be notified of such action by registered mail.

5.3    Officers

5.3.1    (4-98, 11-98, 4-13) The following officers shall be members of and be elected by the Board: Chair, Vice Chair, Secretary, and Treasurer. The out-going chair shall serve as an officer for one year as Immediate Past Chair. These officers shall perform the duties prescribed by these bylaws and by the policies document.

5.3.2    Each term of Office shall be for one year. Commencement of duties of newly elected Officers shall begin January 1st following the annual meeting and shall conclude December 31st of that same year or when a successor is elected. No person may hold more than one office at a time. No Officer may hold the same office for more than five (5) consecutive terms, but shall be eligible to serve in that office again after at least one (1) year's absence from that office. Partial terms of office shall not be counted in determining eligibility for re-election.

5.3.3    (11-08) Should an Officer cease to be a representative on BANA's Board, the office will be considered vacant and the Board shall elect another of its members to complete the unexpired term. Vacancies may be filled at any meeting of the Board or by email ballot.

5.3.5    (4-98) Removal of an Officer from office for cause shall be by a two-thirds (2/3) vote of a majority of the Board. The Officer subject to the proposed action shall be notified by registered mail of the proposed removal and shall have the right to know the reasons for such action and the right to make rebuttal.

5.4    Nominations and Elections (4-13)

5.4.1    (4-13) The Nominating Committee will present a slate of officers thirty (30) days prior to the annual meeting. Further nominations may be made to the chair of the nominating committee at least 14 days before the annual meeting. In the case of a contest for an office, an election by ballot will be held. Should a vacancy arise on the slate before the election, nominations may be made by the Nominating Committee and/or from the floor by a representative. Election to an office shall be by simple majority of the full Board.

5.4.2    (4-13) A person nominated must have agreed to be a candidate for office prior to nomination. To be eligible for the office of Chair, a candidate should have been a representative in good standing for at least two (2) years. To be eligible for all other offices, a candidate should have been a representative in good standing for at least one (1) year.


6.0 COMMITTEES

6.1    Committees (4-98, 12/05, 11-08)

The BANA Chair shall appoint chairs and members of board, technical, general and ad hoc committees with the approval of a simple majority of the Board. Only BANA Board members are eligible to be members of Board committees. Membership on technical committees is open to any non-Board member. Membership on general committees is open to all. Membership on ad hoc committees is open to all. The BANA Chair shall be an ex officio member of each and every committee of BANA except the Nominating Committee. The BANA Chair shall appoint a Board Member as a liaison to each technical committee, to and general and ad hoc committees as appropriate. The BANA Chair shall, with the approval of a simple majority of the Board, remove for cause a member of any technical, general or ad hoc committee. Committees will report through their chairs to each meeting of the Board.

6.1.1    Committee Membership Responsibilities: (9-09)

By accepting membership on any type of BANA committee the member agrees to:

6.1.2    Non-participating Members: (9-09)

In the event that a committee member is unable to fulfill all the responsibilities of membership, it is expected that the member will resign from the committee in writing to the committee chair.

If a member is deemed to be non-participating by the committee chair or liaison, the committee chair, shall contact the member and discuss the responsibilities of membership, and determine whether the member wishes to continue as a committee member. Only members fully participating in the work of the committee will be reappointed.

A member who is not reappointed will be notified in writing by the BANA Chair that reappointment was not made. Dependent upon the past contribution of the non-participating member, a certificate of appreciation may or may not be sent.

6.1.3    (4-13) Committee Chair's Responsibilities:

The Committee Chair is expected to provide the leadership for the committee according to the Responsibilities designated in the Policies.

6.1.4.   (9-09, 4-13) The BANA Chair is responsible for the orientation of all new committee members and to ensure that they receive an orientation package. The BANA Chair, committee chair and the board liaison to the committee shall be available to answer questions and provide overall guidance.
6.2    Technical Committees

6.2.1    (10-91, 4-98, 11-98, 5-03, 11-08, 4-13) BANA shall maintain Technical Committees for existing braille codes and guidelines. Each technical committee shall perform its duties according to its charges from the Board.

The members shall have background and experience relevant to the committee's subject area and shall include one (1) qualified educator of the visually impaired, one (1) braille transcriber, one (1) braille reader, one (1) member with expertise in braille translation software, and at least one (1) additional member. At least one (1) member of each committee shall be certified in the appropriate codes for the respective committee.

Committee membership shall be set at a maximum of five when code maintenance is the major assignment. Committee membership shall be flexible to provide sufficient expertise for revision assignments. A consultant with expertise in a required specific area or subject not available on the committee may be appointed to give advice to the committee on an ad hoc basis with the right to vote.
The committees will carry out their responsibilities primarily by using the BANA email list for the committee, by telephone conference call when necessary, and by other electronic means.

6.2.2    (11-98, 4-13) When consensus cannot be reached, a two/thirds (2/3) majority of committee members is required for code rulings, clarifications, amplifications.

6.2.3    (3-95, 4-98, 4-13) Each technical committee shall, through its chair, report findings and make recommendations to the Board. Proposed new braille codes and guidelines or revisions of existing codes and guidelines must be submitted to the chairs of the other technical committees and the BANA Board for review prior to submission to the Board for final approval. This review shall be for the purpose of avoiding conflicts among other braille codes and guidelines or of avoiding difficulties in braille production. Suggestions and comments from the other technical committees and the BANA Board shall be considered by the originating technical committee and the BANA Board liaison to the committee, and shall be incorporated, as appropriate, into its final report and recommendations to the Board. The Board shall arrange for any additional evaluation and review as it may deem necessary. Action by the Board shall be final.

6.2.4    (4-98, 11-08, 4-13) The term of office of the Chair of a technical committee shall be two (2) years, and that of members of the committee shall be two (2) years. For newly established committees one-half (1/2) of the members of the committee shall be appointed for a one (1) year term and the other half (1/2) appointed for a two (2) year term. Thereafter, appointments will be made such that approximately half of new or reappointments are made each year. Renewals may be made for additional terms upon the recommendation of the Technical Committee Chair to the BANA Chair and approval by the BANA Board. Appointments shall take place at the annual meeting.

6.2.5    Members of technical committees need not be members of a participating organization.

6.2.6    (9-09) Committee Chair should be chosen based on expertise in the code, guideline or subject of the charges, as well as proven leadership and communication skills.

6.2.7    (9-09) Responsibilities of Technical Committee Liaisons

Board Liaisons shall support the Committee Chair and the Committee according to the provisions found in the Policies.

6.3    Board Committees

6.3.1    (4-83, 4-98, 11-98, 11-08, 4-13) BANA shall maintain board committees. Each committee shall consist of at least three members all of whom shall be full current members of the BANA Board. The term of office for chairs and members of board committees shall be from January 1st through December 31st. Generally, appointment shall take place at the annual meeting. The committees will follow their terms of reference and carry out the specific charges given to them by the BANA Board. The committees will carry out their responsibilities using the BANA email list for the committee, telephone conference call when necessary, and other electronic means.

6.3.2    (4-13) The Nominating Committee shall prepare a slate of BANA Officers to be presented at the next annual meeting. No member of the Nominating Committee shall have his/her name placed on the slate.

6.4    General Committees

6.4.1    (11-08) BANA shall maintain general committees. Each committee shall include board members and may included non-board members. The term of office for the chair, who shall be a member of the BANA Board, and members of general committees shall be from January 1st through December 31st. Generally, appointments shall take place at the annual meeting. The committees will follow their terms of reference and carry out the specific charges given to them by the BANA Board. The committees will carry out their responsibilities using the BANA email list for the committee, by telephone conference call when necessary, and by other electronic means.

6.5    Ad hoc Committees (11-08, 4-13)

An Ad hoc committee may be established for the initiation and development of braille codes and guidelines and will be terminated when its assignment has been completed.

6.6    Task Forces (4-13)

The Chair may establish a task force and appoint its members to pursue a specific time-sensitive assignment. Its charge and duration shall be approved by the Board.

6.7    (11-98, 11-08, 4-13) Establishment of New Committees

The Board may establish such other committees as it deems necessary or desirable.


7.0 BOARD MEETINGS (4-13)

7.1    Face-to-face Meetings (4-13)

7.1.1    (11-81, 10-91, 4-98, 5-03, 11-08, 4-13) Face-to-face Meetings of the Board of BANA, at which members are to be present in person, shall be held in the spring and fall of each year, at a time and place to be determined by the board. The annual meeting will be held in the fall. The fall and spring meetings shall be scheduled approximately six months apart. BANA meetings shall be smoke-free.

7.1.2    (11-81, 4-98, 11-08, 4-13) Written notice of the time and place of all face-to-face Board meetings shall be distributed in accessible format no less than ninety (90) days in advance of the meeting.

7.1.3    (4-13) Changes in codes and guidelines, format, the mission and goals of BANA, and any other changes to the nature of BANA not covered in these bylaws, shall be decided at a face-to-face meeting of the BANA Board. Passage requires two-thirds (2/3) vote of the total board membership.

7.1.4    (4-13) Approval of new BANA member organizations shall occur at a face-to-face meeting of the Board. Passage requires two-thirds (2/3) vote of the total board membership.

7.2    Other Meetings

7.2.1    The business of BANA may be carried out between regular face-to-face meetings of the Board electronically and/or by teleconference calls.

7.2.2    These additional meetings may be called by the Chair or by at least one-third (1/3) of the Board members. Such meetings require at least seventy-two (72) hours prior notice. Minutes of conference call meetings may be approved electronically or at the next face-to-face meeting of the board.

7.3    General Regulations

7.3.1    (4-13) Business shall be transacted only if there is a quorum of two thirds (2/3) of the membership of the Board.

7.3.2    (4-98, 11-98) Unless otherwise provided herein, formal actions by the Board shall be taken by simple majority of the total board membership.

7.4    Board Interpretations (4-83)

Actions of the Board to provide interpretation of these Bylaws, or to provide for standing guidelines, policies, or procedures relating thereto, shall be set forth in a policy document.

7.5    Voting (4-13)

7.5.1    The forms of voting shall be by voice vote, roll call vote, or electronic means. There will be no voting by proxy. See Policies, Appendix B, Guidelines for Electronic Voting.

7.5.2    The results of electronic votes will be recorded by the Secretary and reported by the Chair within seven (7) days. The results of these votes shall be recorded by the Secretary into the minutes of the next face-to-face meeting of the Board.

7.5.3    The chair has the responsibility to represent his or her organization and therefore shall cast a vote in all BANA decisions determined by voting.

7.5.4    If an issue pertains only to a specific country, the member organization's representative from another country which is not affected may opt not to cast a vote and this will not affect the outcome of the vote.

7.6    Rules of Order (10-99, 4-04, 4-13)

The latest edition of Robert's Rules of Order shall govern proceedings of Board meetings except where the present Bylaws and Policies provide otherwise.


8.0 AMENDMENTS (4-98)

8.1    (4-98, 4-13) The Bylaws shall be amended by a two thirds (2/3) majority of the full members of the Board. The vote shall occur at a face-to-face meeting. Written notice of the proposed amendments must have been distributed in accessible electronic format to the Board members at least thirty (30) days before the scheduled meeting.

8.2    (4-98) Unless otherwise provided for, amendments shall take effect immediately upon adoption.


9.0 DISSOLUTION

In case of dissolution of the Braille Authority of North America, Inc., a tax exempt nonprofit organization, the remaining assets of BANA shall be transferred to another nonprofit organization that the Board shall designate and shall be used for purposes consistent with the objectives of BANA.